William Longespée
Earl of Salisbury

Robert Sewell   This page was set up by Robert Sewell in January 2006 to show the descent of William Longespée through to Jonathan Sewell, the last attorney general of Massachusetts before the American Revolution.  Robert Sewell graduated from McMaster University (Hamilton, Ontario, Canada) in 1967 with a B.Sc. degree in chemistry.  After a year of studies at the University of Toronto's College of Education, he taught high school science in Collingwood, Ontario for a year and then taught chemistry, physics and general science in Hamilton, Ontario for twenty-nine years.  Robert Sewell retired from teaching in June 1998.

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The information presented here has been taken from the following sources:

John Rees, Letters, 2005
Douglas Richardson:  Plantagenet Ancestry, Baltimore, 2004  (click to visit the website)
Gary Boyd Roberts: Royal Descents of 600 Immigrants, Genealogical Publishing, Baltimore, 2004
Norman F. Cantor (ed.): The Encyclopædia of the Middle Ages, New York, 1999
Frederick L. Weis and Walter L. Sheppard:  Ancestral Roots, 7th Edition, Baltimore, 1999
Frederick L. Weis and Walter L. Sheppard:  The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215, Baltimore, 1999
George Andrews Moriarty: The Plantagenet Ancestry of King Edward III and Queen Philippa,

Mormon Pioneer Genealogical Society, Salt Lake City, Utah, 1985.
Kenneth O. Morgan (ed.): The Oxford Illustrated History of Britain, Oxford, 1984
Sidney Painter:  William Marshal, Toronto:  University of Toronto Press, 1982
The Book of History (18 Volumes), London, 1914
Richard Thomson: An Historical Essay on the Magna Charta, London, 1829
Mediæval History Guide, http://historymedren.about.com/index.htm

Arms of William Longespee
Generation One
William Longespée, Earl of Salisbury
Born circa 1175-80
Died on March 7, 1225/26 at Salisbury Castle

    William Longespée was a son of King Henry II Curtmantle and Ida de Tosny who later became the wife of Magna Charta Surety Roger Bigod, 2nd Earl of Norfolk. See Douglas Richardson: Plantagenet Ancestry, Baltimore, 2004, pages 456 457 and Marc Morris: The Bigod Earls of Norfolk in the Thirteenth Century, Woodbridge, Suffolk, 2005, page 2 where it is shown that Ida was very likely a daughter of Ralph V de Tony (died 1162) and his wife Margaret (born circa 1125 and living in 1185), a daughter of Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester.

    King Henry II and Ida de Tosny weren't married because Henry was already married to Eleanor of Aquitaine at the time. Although is has now been shown with certainty that William's mother was Ida de Tosny, it was accepted for years that she was Rosamond Clifford; Richard Thomson wrote in 1829 of William:

"He was the natural son of King Henry II by Rosamond Clifford, usually called Fair Rosamond; and he derived his surname Longespée from a massive sword he usually wore."
Richard Thomson: An Historical Essay on the Magna Charta, London, 1829, pg. 313 
However, in 1887 William Hunt debunked the notion that Rosamund Clifford was the mother of William Longespée in his article on Rosamund Clifford in the Dictionary of National Biography, showing that the legend was invented in the early 1600s during a legal dispute over the Clifford family estates.

    This is "the" William Longespée named in the preamble to the Magna Charta as an advisor to King John; and is not to be confused with other William Longespées or Longswords including:

    William Longespée married before September 1197 to Ela of Salisbury, Countess of Salisbury, daughter and heiress of William Fitz Patrick, 2nd Earl of Salisbury and his wife Eleanor de Vitré.

William and Ela had the following children:

References  Richardson: p.456-459   Roberts p.452&454   Weis, Ancestral: 31-26   Weis, Magna Charta: 142-1   Thomson p. 313

Generation Two
Sir Stephen Longespée, Knight, of King's Sutton, Northamptonshire, etc.
Died shortly before June 25, 1260

    Stephen Longespée married circa 1242 - 1244 to Emeline de Ridelisford, widow of Hugh de Lacy, Earl of Ulster, and they had the following children:

References  Richardson: p.803   Roberts p.452&454   Weis, Ancestral: 31-27   Weis, Magna Charta: 144-2

Generation Three
Ela Longespée
Died before July 19, 1276

    Ela married before 1267 to Roger la Zouche, Knight, of Ashby de la Zouche, Leicestershire, and Brackley Northamptonshire. Roger was son and heir of Alan la Zouche and Ellen de Quincy, daughter if Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester. Roger was born about 1240 - 1242 and died shortly before October 15, 1285. Ela and Roger had one son:

References  Richardson: p.803-804   Roberts p.452&454   Weis, Ancestral: 31-28   Weis, Magna Charta: 144-3

Generation Four
Alan la Zouche, Knight, of Ashby de la Zouche, Leicestershire, etc.
Born at North Molton, Devon, on October 9, 1267.
Died shortly before March 25, 1313/14

    Alan married Eleanor de Segrave, daughter of Nicholas del Segrave, Knight, of Segrave, Leicestershire, Lord Segrave. Alan and Eleanor had the following daughters:

References  Richardson: p.804   Roberts p.452&454   Weis, Ancestral: 31-29   Weis, Magna Charta: 90-5

Generation Five
Maud la Zouche
Born about 1290
Died on May 31, 1349

    Maud married Sir Robert de Holand, 1st Lord Holland, of Upholland and Orrell, Wigan, etc. Robert was born about 1283, son and heir of Robert de Holand of Upholland and Elizabeth de Samlesbury, daughter and co-heiress of William de Samlesbury. In 1298, Robert attended Thomas, Earl of Lancaster on the Falkirk campaign. He became a chief councillor to Earl Thomas and was among those who were responsible for the beheading (without a trial) of King Edward II's friend Peter (Piers) Gaveston in 1312 for which he was pardoned in 1313. During Earl Thomas' final rising in February and March 1321/22 Robert was said to have played a cowardly or treacherous part. On October 7, 1328, he was captured by some adherents of Earl Thomas who beheaded him for his treachery.

    Maud and Robert had the following children:

References  Richardson: p.398-399   Roberts p.452&454   Weis, Ancestral: 32-30   Weis, Magna Charta: 90-6

Generation Six
Maud de Holand
Born before February 1321/22
Died after 1364/65

    As a child, Maud was affianced to marry John de Mowbray, 3rd Lord Mowbray. However, this marriage did not take place and she married to Thomas de Swinnerton, 3rd Lord Swinnerton of Swinnerton sometime after 1331. Thomas was at the Battle of Crécy in 1346 and the siege of Calais in 1347. In 1357 he was a prisoner in Scotland and the King gave £100 towards his ransom. Thomas is said to have died in December 1361.

    Maud and Thomas had the following sons:

References  Richardson: p.637   Roberts p.452&454   Weis, Ancestral: 32-31   Weis, Magna Charta: 96-7

Generation Seven
Robert de Swinnerton, 4th Lord Swinnerton
Died before April 7, 1387

    Robert de Swinnerton married first about 1356 to Elizabeth de Beke (or Beek), daughter and co-heiress of Nicholas de Beke of Staffordshire and Joan de Stafford, daughter of Ralph de Stafford, K.G. 1st Earl of Stafford. Robert and Elizabeth were related in the 4th degree, and a dispenstion was dated circa 1364. Elizabeth died circa 1373.

    Robert and Elizabeth had a daughter:

    Robert married secondly to Joan Hameldene and they had a son:
References  Richardson: p.637   Roberts p.452&454   Weis, Ancestral: 32-32   Weis, Magna Charta: 96-8

Generation Eight
Maud Swinnerton
Born circa 1370
Died before 1424

    Maud married first to Humphrey Peshale (or Peshall), son and heir apparent of Sir Richard Peshale of Chetwynd, Shropshire, Sheriff of Shropshire. Humphrey died before 1388. Maud and Humphrey had one son:

    Maud was abducted on December 8, 1388 and forced to marry secondly in December 1388 to Sir William Ipstones who had been born circa 1373. William died in October 1399. Maud and William had two daughters:
  • Christine Ipstones
  • Alice Ipstones
    Maud married thirdly to Sir John Savage and they had the following children:
  • John Savage
  • William Savage
  • Arnold Savage
  • George Savage
  • Roger Savage
  • Margaret Savage
  • Maud Savage
  • Mary Savage
References  Richardson: p.637-638   Roberts p.452&454   Weis, Ancestral: 32-33  Weis, Magna Charta: 96-9

Generation Nine
Richard Peshale, Sheriff of Staffordshire
Born before 1388
Died sometime around 1454 - 1458

    Richard married, but the name of his wife is not known. They had one son:

References  Richardson: p.152

Generation Ten
Humphrey Peshale, of Tean and Blithewood in Checkley, Staffordshire, etc., Justice of the Peace for Staffordshire and Commissioner of the Array for Staffordshire.
Died May 28, 1498

     Humphrey married, but the name of his first wife is not known. They had one son:
Hugh Peshale
    Humphrey married secondly to Lettice Harcourt, daughter of John Harcourt and his wife Anne Norreys and they had the following children:

References  Richardson: p.152

For the continuation of this line, please click Lettice Harcourt.

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