This page was set up by Robert Sewell in July 2006 to show the descent of the Dukes of Normandy through to Robert the Bruce, King of Scotland. Robert Sewell graduated from McMaster University (Hamilton, Ontario, Canada) in 1967 with a B.Sc. degree in chemistry. After a year of studies at the University of Toronto's College of Education, he taught high school science in Collingwood, Ontario for a year and then taught chemistry, physics and general science in Hamilton, Ontario for twenty-nine years. Robert Sewell retired from teaching in June 1998.
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The information presented here has
been taken from the following sources:
Frederick L. Weis and Walter L. Sheppard: Ancestral Roots, 7th Edition, Baltimore, 1999
World Book Millenium 2000 Deluxe Edition, © 1999 World Book Inc., © IBM Corp.
Microsoft Encarta Encyclopædia 99, © 1993-1998 Microsoft Corporation
Norman F. Cantor (ed.): The Encyclopædia of the Middle Ages, New York, 1999
Barnes and Hudson: The History Atlas of Europe, New York, 1998
Berhard Grun: The Timetables of History, New York, 1991
George Andrews Moriarty: The Plantagenet Ancestry of King Edward III and Queen Philippa,
The Dukes of Normandy claimed an ancient
origin based on Norse and Icelandic sagas, but I have elected to begin
this genealogy with information from Moriarty's "Plantagenet
Ancestry" (see above) which is considered much more reliable.
For more on the ancient sagas of Norway and Iceland, please click on Norse Sagas.
Generations One to Four below also appear in Florence Van Rensselaer, The Livingston Family in America and Its Scottish Origins, New York, 1949, pages 55 & 56. To view this line, click HERE and use your browser's back button to return to this page.
|"In the early middle ages and earlier we frequently find the same person
with two or perhaps more different surnames. The given name may be followed
by a patronymic (for example, 'Fitz John'), sometimes by a descriptive
(for example, 'the Red' - perhaps in Latin or Norman French) and sometimes
by a place name (for example, 'de Cave'). Any of these can, over the years,
develop into a fixed surname, but in the earlier years the same person
may in different records appear with two or more of these 'surnames' of
these types, and if he holds land in two or more places, perhaps with more
than one place name. And any of these can be correct. Given names may be
in French or the English of the period depending on the record where it
appears (for example, Piers or Peter), and either can be correct. No attempt
is here made, nor should it be, to bring these names into uniformity since
the name used should follow the evidences cited."
. . . Weis and Sheppard: Ancestral Roots, Baltimore, 1999, page ix
Halfdan the Old had a son:
Eystein "the Noisy" Glumra, Earl of the Uplands
Born in 788
Eystein married to Ascrida Ragnvaldsdottir. For Acrida's descent , please click Norse Sagas.
Eystein and Ascrida had the following children:
Ragnvald I "the Wise" Eysteinsson, Earl of More
Died about 894
Ragnvald married first to Groa and they had the following children:
Rolf Ragnvaldsson, also known as Rolf the Ganger, Rolf Wend-a-Foot, Rolf the Viking and
Rollo of Norway. He was baptized as "Robert" and became the 1st Duke of Normandy
Born circa 846/860
Died in 932
Encyclopeadia Britannica states that Rolf was a "Scandinavian rover who founded the duchy of Normandy. Making himself independent of King Harald I of Norway, Rolf sailed off to raid Scotland, England, Flanders, and France on pirating expeditions and, about 911, established himself in an area along the Seine River. Charles III the Simple of France held off his siege of Paris, battled him near Chartres, and negotiated the treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte, giving him the part of Neustria that came to be called Normandy; Rolf in return agreed to end his brigandage. He gave his son, William (I) Longsword, governance of the dukedom (927) before his death. Rolf was baptized as 'Robert' in 912 but is said to have died a pagan."
Laying siege to Paris appears to have been a popular pastime in the late 9th and early 10th century. Asser wrote in his Life of King Alfred: "In the year of our Lord's incarnation, 886, which was the thirty- eighth since the birth of Alfred, the (Viking) army . . . directing their ships to the river called the Seine, and sailed up it as far as the city of Paris, and there they wintered and measured out their camp. They besieged that city a whole year, as far as the bridge, that they might prevent the inhabitants from making use of it; for the city is situated on a small island in the middle of the river; but by the merciful favour of God, and the brave defence of citizens, the army could not force their way inside the walls."
Rolf married first in 886 to Poppa de Valois, a granddaughter of Seigneur Pépin (II), Count of Peronne who was a great grandson of Charlemagne. Please click on Count of Peronne for this descent.
Rolf and Poppa had the following children:
William (I) Longsword, 2nd Duke of Normany
Died (murdered) on December 17, 942
William Longsword was involved in a war in the late 930's against Arnolph I "the Great", Count of Flanders. Some sources state that a peace conference was held in December 942, and that Arnolph arranged for the murder of William Longsword at that time. Other sources state that "Arnolph waged war against William of Normandy, whom he defeated and slew".
William married first to Sprota (Adela) of Senlis, a daughter of Hubert (I), Count of Senlis and Vermandois who was a great great grandson of Charlemagne. Click on Count of Senlis for this descent.
William and Sprota had the following children:
Richard (I) "the Fearless", 3rd Duke of Normandy
Born in 933 at Fecamp, France
Died on November 20, 996 at Fecamp, France
Richard married first in 960 to Emma of Paris (died 962), a daughter of Hugh "the Great" Capet.
Richard married second to Gunnor of
Crêpon. It is quite probable that Richard and Gunnor had some
of their children prior to Richard's marriage to Emma of Paris (960 - 962).
Richard and Gunnor married after Emma's death, thereby legitimizing all
A relative of Gunnor named Osbern was a powerful Steward or Dapifer of Normandy during the minority of William the Conqueror. Osbern was murdered in 1040 during an attempt on the life of the young Duke William that occurred right in William's bedroom. Osbern was almost certainly Gunnor's nephew, a son of her brother Herfast; although some sources claim Osbern was Gunnor's brother.
Richard and Gunnor had the following children:
Richard (II) "the Good", 4th Duke of Normany
Died on August 28, 1026
Richard married first about 1000 to Judith
of Brittany, daughter of Conan the Crooked, Duke of Brittany
Richard and Judith had the following children:
Richard married second in 1017 to Estrith (Margaret) of Denmark, daughter of Sweyn Forkbeard, King of Denmark and Sigrid "the Haughty"; and they had a divorce circa 1017/18. (Estrith married Richard's son Robert "the Devil" in 1031, and they had a divorce after a year or so as well.)
Richard married third about 1024 to Papia of Envermeu and they had the following children:
Robert (I) "the Devil", 6th Duke of Normandy
Born circa 1008
Acceded on August 6, 1027
Died between July 1 and 3, 1035 at Nicaea in Bithynia while returning from a pilgrimage to the Holy Land. Ancient Nicaea was located about 65 miles south east of Constantinople. Referred to as Robert "the Devil" (Moriarty, Planatagent Ancestry, pg. 13), he is also known as Robert "the Magnificent".
Robert had a girlfriend named Herleva. Both were under twenty, possibly as young as seventeen, when Herleva became pregnant with their first child who was to become William the Conqueror. Herleva's father was Fulbert, who was probably a tanner. Fulbert has been described as "polinctor" which translates more readily as "embalmer", or one who prepares corpses for burial, but the traditon is strong that he was a tanner; and Falaise, Normandy was famous for its tanneries. Apparently there were no hard feelings with regard to Robert and Herleva having a child without undergoing the formality of a church ceremony. Fulbert was given a subordinate office at the ducal court, and Herleve's brothers, Osbert and Walter, appear as witnesses to various charters. As well, while Walter was never an official tutor or guardian of the young Duke William, he watched over William during his perilous childhood; and on occasion saved his life by snatching the boy from his cot and carrying him for safety to spend the rest of the night in the cottage of a poor family.
It would appear that Robert and Herleva "broke up", but once again, there do not seem to have been any hard feelings. Herleva married to Herluin, Vicomte of Contreville, and they had two sons: Odo, Bishop of Bayeux and Earl of Kent; and Robert, Count of Mortain; both of whom were very close to their half brother, William the Conqueror; and both of whom were present at the Battle of Hastings.
In late 1034, curiosity or devotion induced Robert (I) "the Devil", 6th Duke of Normandy, to undertake a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, where the fatigues of the journey and the heat of the climate so impaired his consitution he died at Nicaea (in the area of Iznik in modern Turkey) on his way home.
Robert and Herleva had the following children:
William the Conqueror, King of England
Born in 1028, probably in the autumn, at Falaise, Normandy, France.
Duke of Normandy 1035-1087 and King of England 1066-1087.
Died early in the morning on Thursday, September 9, 1087 at Hermentrube, Near Rouen, France.
Interred at the Monastery of St. Stephen, Caen, Normandy which he had founded.
William invaded England, defeated and killed his rival Harold at the Battle of Hastings, and became King. William was noted for his efficient if harsh rule. Please click on William the Conqueror for more information and links.
William married in 1053 at the Cathedral of Notre Dame
d'Eu, Normandy to Matilda of Flanders. Please click on Mathilda
of Flanders for her descent from the Kings of France and Charlemagne.
William and Mathilda had the following children:
Henry I Beauclerc, King of England
Born about September 1068 at Selby, Yorkshire, England
Died on December 1, 1135 at St. Denis-le-Fermont, Near Gisors
Henry reigned as King of England from 1100 until his death in 1135. In 1106 he captured his brother Robert and took over as Duke of Normandy from 1106 to 1135. Henry was nicknamed "Beauclerc" (fine scholar) for his above average education. During his reign, the differences between English and Norman society began to slowly evaporate. His reign is notable for important legal and administrative reforms, and he proved to be a hard but just ruler. He is reputed to have died from over consumption of lampreys, but there is a good possibility that the excess of lampreys only gave him a bad case of indigestion and that a carelessly dispensed dose of purgative was in fact the cause of his demise.
King Henry (I) Beauclerc had the following son circa 1090, said to be his eldest son. The identity of the mother is uncertain, although some sources name Sybilla (Sibyl) Corbet:
Robert de Caen, Earl of Gloucester
Born circa 1090 at Caen, France
Died on October 31, 1147 at Bristol
Robert de Caen, called "the Consul", married to Mabel (Maud) Fitz Hamon, daughter and heiress of Robert Fitz Hamon, Lord of Glamorgan and his wife Sibyl who was a daughter of Roger de Montgomery, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury. Roger de Montgomery is shown on the Battle Abbey Roll and the Dives-sur-Mer List as having accompanied William the Conqueror in 1066. While it cannot be proven, Roger de Montgomery may have been present at the Battle of Hastings on October 14, 1066.
Robert de Caen and Mabel Fitz Hamon had the following
||The surnames used by these persons include
William Fitz Robert, Earl of Gloucester
Died on November 23, 1183
William married circa 1150 to Hawise de Beaumont, daughter of Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester and his wife Amice de Montfort.
William and Hawise had the following children:
Amicia, Countess of Gloucester
Died in 1225
Amicia married circa 1180 to Richard de Clare, Earl of Hertford and Clare who was one of the 25 Sureties of the Magna Charta. Please click on Richard de Clare for his descent.
Richard and Amica had the following children:
Gilbert de Clare, 4th Earl of Gloucester, Earl of Hertford and Clare
Born circa 1180
Died on October 25, 1230 at Penros, Brittany
Gilbert de Clare was one of the 25 Sureties of the Magna Charta. Click on Gilbert de Clare.
Gilbert married on October 9, 1217
at Tewkesbury Abbey, Gloucester to Lady Isabella Marshal, daughter of William
Marshal, Earl of Pembroke and Isabel de Clare. Please click on Marshal
for the descent of Lady Isabella Marshal.
Gilbert and Isabella had the following children:
Isabel de Clare
Born on November 8, 1226
Died in 1254, after July 10
Isabel married on May 12, 1240 to Robert de Bruce, Lord of Annandale and they had a son:
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