The information on this page represents
a compilation of material kindly shared by the following Livingston descendants:
Nell Livingston Blay, Steven R. Edington, Helen Hanson, Don C.
Livingston, Robert Livingston, W. Darcy McKeough, Sewell Vincent Sample, Joe Slavin, John P. Stewart and Carma Kathleen Wallace.
Other sources include:
Edward the Atheling or “Royal Prince” (1016 – 1057) was the eldest son of King Edmund (II) Ironside of England. He fled to Hungary during the reign of Canute (1016 – 1035) where he married Agatha of Hungary. Their daughter, St. Margaret the Exile, was born in Hungary in 1045. After the death of her father in 1057, St. Margaret arrived at the English court of Edward the Confessor. With her, according to legend, came the forebearer of the Livingstons: a nobleman named Baron de Leving. Ten years later following the defeat of Harold Godwinson at Hastings in 1066, St. Margaret was in exile again. This time, she fled to Scotland, and Baron de Leving accompanied her; or so the story goes. St. Margaret married King Malcolm (III) Cænmore of Scotland in 1068, and was canonised in 1250. Her feast day in Scotland is November 16. Click on St. Margaret for more about this remarkable queen.
Perhaps Baron de Leving (or more likely
his forebearer) accompanied Edward the Atheling into exile in the early
11th century; for as Mr. E.B. Livingston argues so convincingly in
The Livingstons of Callendar, Baron de Leving was doubtless of Saxon lineage.
Mr. Livingston states:
|“. . . in England, long before the Norman Conquest, the patronymic Leving, Living or Lyfing, derived from Leofing, which in modern English means ‘the son of Leof’ – namely ‘son of the Beloved’ – was borne by numerous persons of rank and positon as their family or tribal name. It occurs as early as the middle of the ninth century as the name of one of the witnesses to a charter of Berthwulf of Mercia; and the Archbishop of Canterbury who crowned Edmund Ironside in 1016, and who likewise crowned his rival and successor Canute a few months later, also bore that name. So did another famous Saxon churchman, the Bishop of Crediton and Worster, and the friend of Earl Godwine, who has come to us in the words of the old Saxon chronicler as ‘Lyfing se wordsnotera biscop,’ namely ‘Living the eloquent bishop’. Besides these two great churchmen, there are many other persons bearing this name mentioned in, or witness to, Anglo-Saxon charters; one of these Levings or Livings being the Staller or Master of the Horse to Edward the Confessor.”|
Although the earliest of the Highland Livingstones were from the Isle of Lismore in the centre of Loch Linne off the coast of Western Scotland and were perhaps of a different origin from the Lowland Livingstons, Robert Livingston wrote on June 11, 2003: "I think there is a very good possiblity that he (Baron de Leving) was instead a highlander with close family ties to the Mac an Ollaimhs of Lismore. My reason for suggesting this is because I have come across several references to 'Leven" or "Levin'". For further details of this exciting development as well as information on the Livingston DNA project, please visit:
The Livingstones of Argyll and the Isles
|Baron de Leving
Legend tells us that Baron de Leving accompanied St. Margaret the Exile when she arrived at the Court of St. Edward the Confessor in 1057. It has been suggested that Baron de Leving, or more likely his forebear, accompanied the family of Edward the Atheling (St. Margaret's father) when they were forced to flee England following the victory of Canute over Edmund Ironside (St. Margaret's grandfather) in 1016.
Baron de Leving had a son:
Legend tells us that Leving's father was Baron de Leving and his son was Leving de Levingstoun.
Leving had a son:
|Leving of Levingstoun
(Shown in E.B. Livingston: The Livingstons of Callendar, p. 3 & 4)
Leving settled in West Lothian, southwest of Edinburgh during the reign of King Edgar (1097 – 1107) and is also known to have been there during the reign of King Alexander I (1107 – 1124) and King David I (1124 – 1153). It is from Leving that we get the name "Leving's Town' or 'Livingston'. His name was recorded in the latinized form “Levingus” when he presented the church of his manor to the newly founded Abbey of Holyrood in 1128.
Leving of Levingstoun had the following children:
|Thurston of Levingstoun
(Shown in E.B. Livingston: The Livingstons of Callendar, p. 3)
In 1187, two of Thurston’s sons, Alexander and William, witnessed a charter in which Thurston was involved.
Thurston of Levingstoun had the following children:
|Alexander of Livingston who
was known to have been living during the reign of King David I (1124 –
(Shown in E.B. Livingston: The Livingstons of Callendar, p. 5)
Alexander Livingston is said by Sir Bernard Burke in A Genealogical History of the dormant, abeyant, forfeited and extinct peerages of the British Empire, London, 1866) to have had the following son:
|Sir William Livingston who
is said by Sir Bernard Burke in A Genealogical History of the
dormant, abeyant, forfeited and extinct peerages of the British Empire,
London, 1866) to have been living during the reign of King William I the
Lion (1165 – 1214)
Sir William Livingston is said to have had the following children, but the dates suggest strongly that a generation or two may be missing:
For the continuation of this line, see Sir Andrew de Livingston